Машина по созданию новых рабочих мест

До третьей четверти текущего года основные сомнения относительно экономики США касались "пиррового" характера ее "безработного" восстановления. Затем, в сентябре и октябре нынешнего года количество занятых в США увеличилось на 290 тысяч человек - значительно больше, чем предполагалось большинством прогнозов. Однако в то время как в сфере услуг было создано более 300 тысяч новых рабочих мест, количество рабочих мест в обрабатывающей промышленности сократилось на более чем 50 тысяч. Это больше, чем можно объяснить постепенной переориентацией экономики с промышленного производства на сферу услуг.

В то же самое время скачок производительности труда в обрабатывающей промышленности на 7.2% в третьей четверти текущего года говорит о том, что в этом секторе все еще сохранился значительный резерв производственных мощностей. Так что не стоит надеяться на то, что повышение занятости населения в США произойдет благодаря увеличению количества рабочих мест на заводах и фабриках. Восстановление роста занятости населения имеет место сегодня исключительно благодаря гибкости сферы услуг.

И свидетельств, подтверждающих наличие такого роста, очень много. Например, в сети универмагов "Kohl" в октябре открылось 48 новых магазинов, в каждом из которых работает около 140 человек. Сеть супермаркетов "Stop & Shop" снова ввели услугу доставки покупок до автомобиля клиента, исчезнувшую из практики много лет тому назад, и продлили часы работы во многих магазинах.

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