Великий китайский брандмауэр

Великий китайский эссеист Лу Синь, писавший в Шанхае 30-х годов XX века, как-то заметил: «Сегодня существуют разные виды еженедельников. Хотя их тираж не очень-то и широк, они светятся в темноте, как кинжалы, давая своим товарищам понять, кто атакует старые, крепкие замки». Дотошные широкополосные издания первой половины прошлого века играли в кошки-мышки с цензорами при китайском правительстве, помогая в результате выявлять коррупцию и моральное банкротство правительства националистов из Гоминьдана и способствуя победе коммунистов в 1949 году.

Если это звучит знакомо, то только потому, что компартия Китая никогда не забывает свою историю – и полна решимости не дать истории повториться. В таком духе правители Китая действовали в декабре прошлого года, когда устроили облаву на новостные организации, становившиеся уж слишком самоуверенными. Редактор и заместители редактора «Бейцзин ньюс», сравнительно нового таблоида с общенациональной репутацией издания, выявляющего коррупцию и злоупотребления официальных лиц, были уволены. В знак протеста более 100 сотрудников газеты вышли на забастовку.

Большинство китайцев могли бы и не узнать об этой забастовке, если бы не китайские блоггеры. Помощник редактора «Нью-Йорк Таймз» Чжао Цзин, пишущий под псевдонимом Майкл Анти, сообщил данную новость на своем пользующемся широкой популярностью китайскоязычном блоге. Он раскрыл подробности закулисной политики и призвал к всеобщему бойкоту газеты, вызвав глубокое сочувствие общественности к ее журналистам, выражавшееся в режиме он-лайн в чат-комнатах и блогах.

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