Paul Lachine

Великая боязнь долга

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН. Возможно, кажется, что кризис суверенного долга Европы и растущее беспокойство по поводу позиции Соединенных Штатов в отношении долга не смогут пошатнуть основы веры в экономику. Но они определенно пошатнули. И потеря уверенности из-за снижения потребления и инвестиций может стать сбывающимся пророчеством, ведущим к экономической слабости, которой боятся. Значительные снижения индексов потребления в Европе и Северной Америке уже отражают эту отрицательную динамику.

Сейчас у нас есть ежедневный индекс для США, индекс экономической уверенности Гэллапа, поэтому мы можем точно указать изменения уверенности по времени. Индекс Гэллапа упал резко между первой неделей июля и первой неделей августа – период, когда политические лидеры США взволновали всех сообщением, что они не смогут поднять долговой потолок федерального правительства и предотвратить дефолт США 2 августа. История повторялась в новостях каждый день. 2 августа пришло и ушло, без дефолта, но три дня спустя, в пятницу, Standard & Poor’s понизили рейтинг по долгосрочному долгу США с ААА до ААА+. В следующий понедельник S&P 500 упал почти на 7%.

Несомненно, угроза того, что правительство попадет в тупик, который может вызвать унизительный дефолт, вдруг сделала так, что США стали похожи на европейские страны, которые уже находятся в затруднительной ситуации. История Европы стала историей Америки.

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