高智商竞赛

发自华盛顿特区——数十年以来,美国的研究型大学都被举世公认为科学和工程界的领头羊,自二战结束之后,这些学校无论在发表学术著作,培养学术大师以及创新方面的成就都傲视同侪。但如今,越来越多的迹象显示出其他国家的同行们也正奋起直追——他们兴建新的大学,提高原有院校的素质,争夺最优秀的学生,并征召那些在美国拿到博士学位的学者们回到国内高校和科研院所效力。而这是否就意味着各国之间学术能力的强弱次序即将被颠覆呢?

毫无疑问,学术产业正越来越走向国际化,特别是在科学研究方面。如今大概有300万学生在国外求学——在过去十年内增长了57%。外国学生已经统治了许多美国博士研究项目,比如在计算机科学方面,64%的博士生都是外国人。而如果把北京大学和清华大学两所高校加在一起的话,那么这个联合体最近已经成功超越了加州大学伯克利分校,成为攻读美国博士学位学生的最大来源了。

各大学的下属院系也没有闲着,如今全世界有一半的顶尖物理学家不在本国任教,而纽约大学和诺丁汉大学这样的知名学府也在中东和亚洲开办了分校。事实上各大院校已经在全世界设立了162所分校,相比3年前激增了43%。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/74eK8Ey/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.