Paul Lachine

El gran robo bancario

NUEVA YORK – Para la economía americana –y para muchas otras economías desarrolladas–, el elefante en la habitación es la cantidad de dinero entregado a los banqueros en los cinco últimos años. En el caso de los bancos registrados en la Comisión del Mercado de Valores de los Estados Unidos, la suma asciende a la asombrosa cifra de 2,2 billones de dólares. Si la extrapolamos al próximo decenio, la cifra se acercaría a los cinco billones de dólares, una cantidad muchísimo mayor que lo que el Gobierno del Presidente Barak Obama y sus oponentes republicanos parecen dispuestos a reducir de los próximos déficits gubernamentales.

Esos cinco billones de dólares no son dinero invertido en la construcción de carreteras, escuelas y otros proyectos a largo plazo, sino que se transfieren directamente de la economía americana a las cuentas personales de ejecutivos y empleados de bancos. Semejantes transferencias representan para todos los demás el impuesto más artero que imaginarse pueda. Parece de lo más inicuo que los banqueros, después de haber contribuido a causar los problemas económicos y financieros actuales, sean la única clase que no está padeciendo sus consecuencias... y en muchos casos se está beneficiando, en realidad.

Los megabancos principales resultan desconcertantes en muchos sentidos. (Ya) no es un secreto que han funcionado hasta ahora como grandes y complejos planes de remuneración, que han ocultado las probabilidades de acontecimientos imprevistos que representan poco riesgo, pero tienen grandes repercusiones, y se han beneficiado del parapeto gratuito de las garantías públicas implícitas. Se ve claramente que a un apalancamiento excesivo y no a sus aptitudes es a lo que se deben sus beneficios resultantes, que después recaen desproporcionadamente en los empleados, y sus pérdidas, a veces en gran escala, que recaen sobre los accionistas y los contribuyentes.

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