L'Evangile selon Bill Gates

On dit souvent de Bill Gates, l'homme le plus riche d'Amérique et peut-être du monde, et de Warren Buffett, celui qui arrive immédiatement derrière lui, qu'ils se sont inspirés du Gospel of wealth [L'Evangile de la richesse], le fameux livre d'Andrew Carnegie publié en 1889. Cet ouvrage, un classique, justifie la concentration de richesse engendrée par le capitalisme en disant qu'elle favorise le mécénat dans le domaine des arts et des sciences. Autrement dit, Carnegie pensait qu'une grande richesse individuelle contribuait au rayonnement de la civilisation.

The Gospel of wealth est basé sur l'idée que concurrence commerciale entraîne la "survie des meilleurs", c'est à dire ceux qui ont "le plus grand talent d'organisateur". Carnegie estimait que ceux qui réussissent dans les affaires et construisent d'immenses fortunes sont plus à même de juger de la marche du monde, et de ce fait bien placés pour savoir où apporter une aide financière. Il pensait que les gens qui réussissent devraient se retirer assez tôt des affaires pour se consacrer à dépenser leur fortune dans des actions à caractère philanthropique.

Carnegie défendait aussi les droits de succession en tant que stimulation, disant que cela "inciterait les hommes fortunés à s'occuper de l'utilisation de leur fortune durant leur vie". Encourager les riches à utiliser leur argent pour une bonne cause de leur vivant est préférable, disait-il, à l'abandonner entre les mains de leurs enfants (qui n'ont probablement pas leur talent).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TB4DNiG/fr;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now