苦难之神?

普林斯顿——我们是生活在一个由无所不能,无所不知和完美无缺的上帝创造的世界里吗?基督徒认为是这样的。然而,我们每天都面对令人怀疑这个观点的一个有力的证据:这个世界有大量的痛苦和苦难。如果上帝无所不知,他就知道有多少苦难。如果他无所不能,他就已经创造了一个没有如此多苦难的世界——并且他应该已经这样做了如果他完美无缺。

基督徒通常回应说上帝赠与我们自由意志的能力,因此他对我们的作恶不负责任。但是这个回答没能解释那些在洪水中淹死的人,在闪电引起的森林火灾中活活烧死的人或者在干旱时饿死或渴死的人的不幸。

基督徒有时候试图通过这样的说法来解释这样的不幸:所有的人都是罪人,因而他们命该如此,即使这样的命运非常可怕。但是婴儿和小孩与成年人一样都有可能在自然灾害中遭遇不幸和死亡,并且他们好像不太可能罪该遭遇不幸和死亡。

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