Paul Lachine

La globalización de la protesta

NUEVA YORK – El movimiento de protesta que nació en enero en Túnez, para luego extenderse a Egipto y de allí a España, ya es global: la marea de protestas llegó a Wall Street y a diversas ciudades de Estados Unidos. La globalización y la tecnología moderna ahora permiten a los movimientos sociales trascender las fronteras tan velozmente como las ideas. Y la protesta social halló en todas partes terreno fértil: hay una sensación de que el “sistema” fracasó, sumada a la convicción de que, incluso en una democracia, el proceso electoral no resuelve las cosas, o por lo menos, no las resuelve si no hay de por medio una fuerte presión en las calles.

En mayo visité el escenario de las protestas tunecinas; en julio, hablé con los indignados españoles; de allí partí para reunirme con los jóvenes revolucionarios egipcios en la plaza Tahrir de El Cairo; y hace unas pocas semanas, conversé en Nueva York con los manifestantes del movimiento Ocupar Wall Street. Hay una misma idea que se repite en todos los casos, y que el movimiento OWS expresa en una frase muy sencilla: “Somos el 99%”.

Este eslogan remite al título de un artículo que publiqué hace poco. El artículo se titula “Del 1%, por el 1% y para el 1%”, y en él describo el enorme aumento de la desigualdad en los Estados Unidos: el 1% de la población controla más del 40% de la riqueza y recibe más del 20% de los ingresos. Y los miembros de este selecto estrato no siempre reciben estas generosas gratificaciones porque hayan contribuido más a la sociedad (esta justificación de la desigualdad quedó totalmente vaciada de sentido a la vista de las bonificaciones y de los rescates); sino que a menudo las reciben porque, hablando mal y pronto, son exitosos (y en ocasiones corruptos) buscadores de rentas.

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