La ola de crímenes corporativos en la economía global

NUEVA YORK - El mundo se está ahogando en el fraude corporativo, y probablemente los problemas son de mayores dimensiones en los países ricos, los que supuestamente gozan de "buena gobernanza". Es posible que los gobiernos de los países pobres acepten más sobornos y cometan más delitos, pero son los países ricos los que albergan los empresas globales que cometen los mayores delitos. El dinero habla, y está corrompiendo la política y los mercados de todo el mundo.

Apenas pasa un día sin que salga a la luz una nueva historia de malversación. Cada firma de Wall Street ha pagado significativas multas durante la última década por contabilidad falsa, uso de información privilegiada, fraude de valores, esquemas de Ponzi, o malversación de plano por parte de los directores ejecutivos. En la actualidad se está realizando un juicio en Nueva York a un masivo círculo de venta de información privilegiada que ha implicado a algunos protagonistas del sector financiero. Y antes de eso, los mayores bancos de inversión de EE.UU. debieron pagar una serie de multas para resolver cargos por diferentes delitos relacionados con valores.

Sin embargo, es escasa la rendición de cuentas. Dos años después de la mayor crisis financiera en la historia, impulsada por el comportamiento sin escrúpulos de los mayores bancos de Wall Street, ni un solo líder financiero ha enfrentado penas de cárcel. Cuando las empresas son multadas por malversación, sus accionistas, no sus directores ejecutivos ni gerentes, pagan el precio. Las multas son siempre una pequeña fracción de las ganancias mal habidas, lo que da la señal a Wall Street de que las prácticas corruptas tienen una sólida tasa de retorno. Incluso hoy en día, el lobby bancario corre hace omiso de las entidades normativas y los políticos.

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