Globální náklady turecké krize

Parlamentní volby v Turecku se uskuteční v červenci, tedy čtyři měsíce před původně plánovaným termínem, čímž se země těsně vyhne ústavní krizi kolem volby příštího prezidenta. Zápas Turecka s politickou nestabilitou nicméně poškozuje jeho zahraniční politiku i mezinárodní postavení.

V ohnisku bouře stojí premiér Recep Tayyip Erdogan, šéf umírněně islamistické Strany spravedlnosti a rozvoje (AKP), a náčelník generálního štábu turecké armády Yasar Buyukanit, jenž se pokládá za strážce republikánské tradice založené Kemalem Atatürkem. Když Erdogan počátkem jara zvažoval, že se přesune z premiérského křesla do funkce prezidenta, armáda a sekulární politické strany daly najevo hlubokou nespokojenost. Generál Buyukanit v dubnu prohlásil, že nový prezident země musí být sekulární „nejen slovy, ale i podstatou“.

Protože jsem měl možnost se s Erdoganem několikrát setkat a hovořit s ním, pokládám ho za umírněného a rozumného člověka. AKP se navíc těší široké podpoře tureckých voličů a má za sebou obdivuhodnou bilanci v oblasti hospodářského růstu, zákonů na ochranu lidských práv a lepšího zacházení s kurdskou menšinou v Turecku. Ministr zahraničí a Erdoganův blízký spolupracovník v AKP Abdullah Gül naléhal, aby Turecko podalo přihlášku ke vstupu do Evropské unie. Když se tedy Erdogan rozhodl Güla jmenovat kandidátem AKP na úřad prezidenta, překvapila mě síla sekulární opozice.

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