Призрак Биафры

Сделав 13-го января неожиданное заявление о начале общенационального диалога с целью обсуждения конституционной реформы, президент Нигерии Олусегун Обасаньо склонился перед неизбежным. Требования со стороны недовольных политиков и борцов за права человека о созыве подобной конференции достигли крещендо.

Обасаньо и правящая Народная демократическая партия были переизбраны в 2003 году при сомнительных обстоятельствах. Оппозиционные силы, возглавляемые Мухаммаду Бухари – кандидатом от Всенигерийской народной партии, обвинили Обасаньо в использовании полиции для запугивания избирателей и фальсификации результатов выборов.

Первоначально складывалось впечатление, что Обасаньо переживет и эту бурю и не пойдет на уступки оппонентам во время свого последнего срока. Однако в конце декабря 2004 года национальный избирательный трибунал, заседающий в столице Нигерии Абудже, постановил, что, в то время как выборы были свободными и справедливыми в большинстве районов страны, число голосов превышало количество населения в Огуне – родном штате президента. Оппозиция ухватилась за это постановление и призвала Обасаньо подать в отставку.

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