Skupina G-20 a nové myšlení pro globální ekonomiku

NEW YORK – Summit skupiny G-20 v Soulu byl pozoruhodný tím, že zvýšil politickou váhu zemí s rozvíjejícími se ekonomikami. Nejenže se v jedné takové zemi konal, ale tyto země rovněž summit v mnoha ohledech ovládly.

Názor rozvíjejících se ekonomik převládl hned ve dvou klíčových oblastech – v oblasti makroekonomiky a v oblasti globálního hospodářského rozvoje. Ze summitu navíc vzešel výtečný návrh propojit obě agendy – makroekonomiku a rozvoj –, k čemuž by se mělo přikročit v roce 2011.

Klíčovým rysem dnešní světové ekonomiky je skutečnost, že se pohybuje dvěma rychlostmi. Spojené státy a velká část Evropy se dál utápějí v pozůstatcích finanční krize, která vypukla na podzim roku 2008, a potýkají se s vysokou nezaměstnaností, pomalým hospodářským růstem a přetrvávajícími problémy bankovního sektoru. Rozvíjející se trhy naopak krizi vesměs překonaly. Zatímco rok 2009 byl obtížný pro celou globální ekonomiku, v roce 2010 se rozvíjející se trhy silně zotavily, zatímco bohaté země nikoliv.

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