LONDÝN – Jaké důsledky bude mít automatizace – takzvaný „vzestup robotů“ – na mzdy a zaměstnanost v průběhu příštích desetiletí? Tato otázka se dnes vynoří, kdykoli vzroste nezaměstnanost.
Počátkem devatenáctého století David Ricardo uvažoval o možnosti, že stroje nahradí lidskou práci; navázal na něj Karel Marx. Zhruba ve stejné době luddité rozbíjeli textilní stroje, neboť měli za to, že jim berou zaměstnání.
Pak strach ze strojů opadl. Brzy vznikla a snadno se hledala nová pracovní místa – s vyššími platy, příjemnějšími podmínkami a pro větší počet lidí. To však neznamená, že ony prvotní obavy byly mylné. Právě naopak, ve velmi dlouhém výhledu musí být oprávněné: dříve či později pracovní místa dojdou.
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The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?
During a time of American waywardness under Donald Trump, the United Kingdom's national security has increasingly come to depend on the European Union as a buffer against Russian revanchism. Ironically, then, the safest form of Brexit might be the one that hurts the most, so long as it leaves behind a stable EU.
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In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.
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