机器人的崛起

伦敦——自动化,也就是所谓 “机器人的崛起”将对今后几十年的薪酬就业形势产生什么样的影响?如今,每当失业率上升就会有人提到这个问题。

十九世纪初,大卫·李嘉图认为机器有可能取代劳动力;卡尔·马克思也有与他相似的看法。大约同时代,勒德份子捣毁了纺织机械,他们认为正是这些机器抢走了他们的工作。

后来对机器的恐惧逐渐消失,因为有更多人很快找到了工资更高、条件更优越的新工作。但这并不是说最初的担心是错误的。相反,这种担心在遥远的未来一定会兑现,我们迟早会找不到工作。

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