Barrie Maguire

欧洲的未来

坎布里奇—

20世纪上半叶,两次世界大战使欧洲四分五裂,退出了世界政治的中心舞台。20世纪下半叶,远见卓识的领导人摒弃仇恨,逐渐建立了欧洲一体化的各项制度。德法交争的思想再也无人提及,欧盟的发展极大地增强了欧洲在世界上的吸引力和软实力。不幸的是,这一历史性成就眼下正面临严峻考验。

        2010年5月,金融市场对希腊管理预算赤字和偿还债务的能力失去了信心。对违约的恐慌开始影响欧元区的其他国家,如葡萄牙和西班牙。为此,欧洲各国政府、欧洲央行(European Central Bank)和国际货币基金组织(International Monetary Fund)抛出了7 000亿欧元的紧急救助计划以平息金融风暴。

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