Paul Lachine

Будущее роста Китая

ПЕКИН. Замедление экономики Китая в последние недели заполняет заголовки новостей. Вне зависимости от того, идет речь о постоянной или временной корректировке, китайским властям нужно многое сделать для создания основы для высоких экономических показателей в среднесрочной и долгосрочной перспективе.

Несмотря на чрезвычайно быстрый рост с начала перехода к рыночной экономике в 1979 году, Китай, вместе с тем, сталкивается с серьезными проблемами: растущее неравенство, большой и растущий уровень экологической деградации, упрямые внешние дисбалансы и старение общества.

К счастью, 12-я пятилетка Китая (2011-2015 годы) признает необходимость углубления рыночных реформ, изменения модели развития страны, а также концентрации внимания на качестве роста, структурных реформах и социальной интеграции для преодоления разрыва между городами и сельской местностью и прекращения роста неравенства в доходах. В соответствии с этим смелым, долгосрочным подходом, новый отчет «Китай 2030: создание современного, гармоничного и творческого общества с высоким уровнем дохода» предусматривает реформы, в которых нуждается моя страна для создания зрелой, хорошо функционирующей рыночной экономики к 2030 году.

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