核聚变神话

法国正急着要建造国际核聚变实验堆,据称该实验堆可以显示核聚变能够用作核电站的能源。因为核聚变可以提供无限和清洁的能源,所以国际核聚变实验堆通常被看作是解决全球变暖问题的长期解决方案。但是国际核聚变实验堆无法做到这样的事。

在我们今天用来产生核能的核裂变反应中,是把铀这样的重元素裂变成小的元素,而核聚变是把像氢这样的小元素结合在一起形成重元素(氦)。核裂变和核聚变都能产生巨大的能量。

一些政治领导人解释说太阳里发生的就是核聚变,而通过国际核聚变实验堆,我们可以控制这种反应。他们还经常补充说,因为聚变燃烧的是氢,而海水就含有氢,因为这是一种无穷无尽的能源来源。

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