Открыт источник молодости

С тех самых пор, как человек начал размышлять над вопросами бытия, с самого появления человеческого самосознания нам не дает покоя наша собственная смертность, и многие из нас мечтали и мечтают о том, как ее избежать. До недавних пор, возможность контроля над продолжительностью жизни человека считалась чем-то невероятным, совершенно изолированным от реального научного прогресса. Однако новые исследования дают основания предполагать, что молекулярная основа процесса старения может скоро быть досконально изучена, применение же полученных знаний на практике не заставит себя долго ждать.

Недавние научные открытия были сделаны в результате исследований, проводимых не на людях, и даже не на лабораторных мышах и крысах, а на простейших организмах, таких как дрожжи и круглые черви. Эти примитивные формы жизни послужили источником важнейшей информации, поставившей научный мир перед необходимостью провести полную переоценку своих представлений о природе процесса старения.

В традиционной теории эволюции процесс старения считается естественным и закономерным для пострепродуктивного этапа жизни организма. В конце концов, даже теория естественного отбора Дарвина не отрицает неизбежность общего ухудшения состояния отдельного организма, чьи гены уже были переданы следующему поколению. Таким образом, согласно этой точке зрения, многие клеточные и органические процессы нарушаются одновременно, и старение имеет множество причин. А, следовательно, чтобы замедлить процесс старения, надо исправить пострепродуктивные сбои у большого количества генов.

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