Сорокалетняя трагедия Палестины

Сорок лет назад Израиль захватил Западный берег, сектор Газа и Голанские высоты в результате молниеносной шестидневной войны, разгромив армии Египта, Иордании и Сирии. Сегодня окончание оккупации Палестины, которая началась в тот июнь, выглядит столь же призрачно, как и раньше.

Хаос, похожий на ситуацию в Сомали, и гражданская война в секторе Газа как результат патовой ситуации, наблюдавшейся на протяжении этих десятилетий – это отчасти вина плохо продуманной политики Израиля и американской администрации, которая на протяжении долгих шести лет откладывала вопрос установления мира между Израилем и Палестиной на задний план. В то же время было бы ошибкой полагать, что неспособность палестинцев создать организованное самоуправление обусловлена только разрушительным воздействием израильской оккупации и политикой США.

Палестинский кризис, прежде всего, основывается на проблеме подходящего лидера. Ясир Арафат хоть и не был примерным демократом, но его харизма и политическая проницательность были ключевым связующим звеном политических партий в Палестине. Сегодня сплоченной нельзя назвать даже собственную партию Арафата – «Фатх». Победа «Хамас» на выборах в январе 2007 года во многом была обусловлена фрагментацией «Фатх» под управлением приемника Арафата Махмуда Аббаса.

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