自由贸易被遗忘的优点

伦敦-法国总统尼古拉斯·萨科齐最近宣称,“自由主义结束了”。或许是这样的,但是如果他的观点正确,我们真的应该感到满意吗?如果自由主义已经走到了尽头,那么,什么可能取代它成为开放的世界的基础呢?

现在比任何时候都更值得记住,上一次大金融危机不仅导致了美国的新政,而且使世界陷入了一个黑暗的经济民族主义和经济帝国主义时代。自由贸易离完美很远,但是,其他的选择更糟。贸易保护主义对财富、民主和和平都是有害的。

然而,新贸易保护主义浪潮是一个真正的威胁。巴拉克·奥巴马,为了迎合在美国民众中膨胀的贸易保护主义情绪,在其总统竞选期间扬言要单方面修改《北美自由贸易协定》。今年七月,部分因为美国拒绝降低其农业补贴的原因,世界贸易组织多哈回合谈判失败了。

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