El olvidado siglo XX

BERLÍN – Pasaron 20 años desde la disolución de la Unión Soviética, que para muchos historiadores marcó el verdadero fin del "siglo XX corto" -un siglo que comenzó en 1914 y estuvo caracterizado por conflictos ideológicos prolongados entre el comunismo, el fascismo y la democracia liberal, hasta que esta última pareció haber surgido plenamente victoriosa-. Pero algo extraño sucedió en el camino hacia el Fin de la Historia: parecemos desesperados por aprender del pasado reciente, pero no estamos en absoluto seguros sobre cuáles son las lecciones.

Claramente, toda la historia es historia contemporánea, y lo que los europeos, en particular, necesitan aprender hoy del siglo XX tiene que ver con el poder de los extremos ideológicos en tiempos oscuros -y la peculiar naturaleza de la democracia europea tal como se la construyó después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

En algunos sentidos, las grandes luchas ideológicas del siglo XX hoy parecen tan cercanas y relevantes como los debates escolásticos de la Edad Media -especialmente, pero no exclusivamente, para las generaciones más jóvenes-. ¿Quién entiende hoy remotamente -para no hablar del problema de intentar entender- los grandes dramas políticos de intelectuales como Arthur Koestler y Victor Serge, gente que arriesgó su vida por y luego contra el comunismo?

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/MvNUvFh/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now