重新探索女性的奥秘

奥林匹亚,华盛顿——今年是贝蒂·弗里丹《女性的奥秘》一书出版45周年纪念日。今天,许多保守派社会人士仍然责备弗里丹和女权运动诱使女性抛开家庭去寻找工作,不仅破坏了家庭的稳定,还让他们的子女陷入危险的境地。


可是女权主义与其说是女性加入劳动大军的原因,还不如说是这种现象的结果。在西欧和美国,早期资本主义把大批年轻的单身女性吸引到纺织等行业中去。工厂主们常常修建宿舍,提供给年轻的女性工人居住。这些女性工人中有许多人成了反奴运动和女权运动的早期支持者,而中产阶级女性也从劳动女性对公共生活的积极参与中受到了鼓舞(有时甚至充满了羡慕和嫉妒的情绪)。

随着弗里丹的著作在1963年的出版,资本主义将已婚妇女吸引到不断发展的服务、办公以及资讯领域中来。弗里丹的理念与这样一代女性对话,她们已不再把付薪工作看作是青春期和婚姻之间的临时中转,主流社会坚持认为只有成为家庭主妇才是她们生命唯一的意义令她们倍感沮丧。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/1krUMz7/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.