Chris Van Es

愿景和幻想

耶路撒冷—以色列正在庆祝建国65周年,作为一个成为现实的大胆构想,以色列因为其卓著的国内成就而踌躇满志。但是,在对外关系上,这个犹太国家仍然有很长的路要走。

历史上,犹太人的国际关系经验并没有太多助益。在犹太教历史上,犹太国家的存在时期很短,而且两次走上过政治自杀。原因永远是相似的:政治-宗教狂热以及不自量力地挑战现有世界列强——于是现代锡安主义(犹太复国主义)沉迷于寻求与超级大国的紧密联盟。

民族优越感必然会扭曲一个民族与世界其他部分的关系,以色列的实力迷信来自犹太人历史的深层经验,特别是非犹太世界永恒的、冷血的敌意。大屠杀在锡安主义元叙事中扮演着基本神话元素的角色,这强化了以色列直面“世界”的倾向,这是一个没有定型但又蔚为壮观的构造,犹太人据此发动了无法用国际关系的传统工具解决的争端。

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