Le musée européen

A la fin du XIXe siècle, l’Asie représentait pour les Européens une source d’inspiration artistique ou la cible d’ambitions impérialistes. A l’inverse, l’Europe était un symbole de modernité - pour les Japonais de l’ère Meiji – ou de décadence – pour les Chinois. Un siècle plus tard, grâce au miracle économique japonais, les Européens considéraient au moins une petite partie de l’Asie comme un centre de progrès technologique et industriel rapide. Aujourd’hui, à l’aube du XXIe siècle, les perceptions mutuelles de l’Europe et de l’Asie sont en train de changer radicalement, avec des économies asiatiques florissantes et une Union européenne en pleine crise identitaire.

Certaines personnalités asiatiques importantes, comme l’ancien Premier ministre singapourien Lee Kuan Yew, lancent des avertissements aux Européens : s’ils continuent sur cette lancée, leur continent n’aura bientôt plus d’intérêt que pour le tourisme et l’immobilier haut de gamme. Un homme d’affaires chinois influent, qui partage son temps entre Hong Kong et Londres, a même été plus précis. Il a déclaré il y a quelques semaines, à l’occasion d’une manifestation privée rassemblant à Paris des dirigeants politiques et de grands chefs d’entreprise : “ Vous êtes en train de devenir des pays du Tiers-Monde. Vous perdez votre temps avec la Constitution, l’Etat providence, la crise du financement des retraites, et vous apportez systématiquement les mauvaises réponses aux questions que vous posez ”.

L’idée que les Européens se font de l’Asie en général, et de la Chine en particulier, est plus complexe. Elle va de l’adaptation lucide à un nouveau concurrent respectable, au rejet idéologique pur et simple. En mai1968, certains étudiants français descendus dans la rue pour inventer un nouveau monde rêvaient de la Chine de Mao, un pays pourtant plongé dans une Révolution culturelle brutale et insensée. Cet engouement absurde était le fruit tant de l’ignorance des crimes du régime maoïste, que de l’ennui ressenti dans une société prospère proche du plein emploi.

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    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

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    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

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    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

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    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

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    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

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    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

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    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
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    Global Bookmark

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    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

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