欧洲博物馆

19世纪末,欧洲人看亚洲主要是将其作为欧洲艺术家们的灵感来源,抑或是实现他们帝国野心的主要目标。而对于亚洲人,欧洲要不是现代化的楷模,如明治维新时期的日本;要不就如中国人所认为的,是腐朽没落的晴雨表。一个世纪后,日本的经济奇迹令至少亚洲的一小部分在欧洲人的眼中变为科技与工业迅速发展的地方。现在,21世纪的头10年,随着亚洲经济的崛起以及欧盟的身份和信任危机,亚洲人眼中的欧洲以及欧洲人眼中的亚洲都有了巨大的改变。

亚洲的著名人士,如新加坡前领导人李光耀就警告欧洲人如果继续现在的道路,欧洲除了旅游业以及高尚私人宅第外将一无是处。这位居住于香港和伦敦两地的著名中国商人说得很具体。几周前在巴黎一次由商界要人和政界领导人参加的私人聚会上,他说,“你们欧洲正在沦为第三世界国家,你们将时间花在错误的问题上¾¾宪法、福利状况、养老金危机¾¾你们对自己提出的问题给出了系统性的错误答案。”

欧洲人对亚洲的普遍观点,特别是对中国,就更加复杂,并且在头脑清醒的改革者、新兴且令人尊敬的竞争对手以及完全的意识形态排斥间摇摆不定。1968年5月,法国的学生们¾¾至少是其中的一部分人¾¾他们走上街头打算创建一个新世界。他们梦想着毛泽东时代的中国,那个处在残酷且失去理智的文化大革命中的中国。他们这种荒谬的巴洛克式的痴迷既是他们对毛泽东一无所知的产物,也是他们对自己这个繁荣社会,这个几乎看不到失业的社会所产生的一种厌倦。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/DA4HiKH/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now