欧洲博物馆

19世纪末,欧洲人看亚洲主要是将其作为欧洲艺术家们的灵感来源,抑或是实现他们帝国野心的主要目标。而对于亚洲人,欧洲要不是现代化的楷模,如明治维新时期的日本;要不就如中国人所认为的,是腐朽没落的晴雨表。一个世纪后,日本的经济奇迹令至少亚洲的一小部分在欧洲人的眼中变为科技与工业迅速发展的地方。现在,21世纪的头10年,随着亚洲经济的崛起以及欧盟的身份和信任危机,亚洲人眼中的欧洲以及欧洲人眼中的亚洲都有了巨大的改变。

亚洲的著名人士,如新加坡前领导人李光耀就警告欧洲人如果继续现在的道路,欧洲除了旅游业以及高尚私人宅第外将一无是处。这位居住于香港和伦敦两地的著名中国商人说得很具体。几周前在巴黎一次由商界要人和政界领导人参加的私人聚会上,他说,“你们欧洲正在沦为第三世界国家,你们将时间花在错误的问题上¾¾宪法、福利状况、养老金危机¾¾你们对自己提出的问题给出了系统性的错误答案。”

欧洲人对亚洲的普遍观点,特别是对中国,就更加复杂,并且在头脑清醒的改革者、新兴且令人尊敬的竞争对手以及完全的意识形态排斥间摇摆不定。1968年5月,法国的学生们¾¾至少是其中的一部分人¾¾他们走上街头打算创建一个新世界。他们梦想着毛泽东时代的中国,那个处在残酷且失去理智的文化大革命中的中国。他们这种荒谬的巴洛克式的痴迷既是他们对毛泽东一无所知的产物,也是他们对自己这个繁荣社会,这个几乎看不到失业的社会所产生的一种厌倦。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/DA4HiKH/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.