Европейская экономическая модель жива

В начале 1990-х годов американские должностные лица вроде меня, занимавшиеся долгосрочным прогнозированием для администрации Клинтона, считали, что было бы опрометчивым прогнозировать средние долгосрочные темпы роста на уровне больше 2.5% в год, и что реальные темпы роста могут быть еще ниже. Сегодня мы видим, что средний темп роста американской экономики в прошлом десятилетии составил 3.4% в год.

Действительно, Соединенные Штаты сегодня на 9% богаче, чем мы осмеливались прогнозировать десять лет назад, и это произошло несмотря на вялость рынка труда и вызванные этим крупнейшие падения производства по сравнению с потенциально возможным объемом за последние двадцать лет. В Америке "новая экономика" оказалась реальной, и есть все основания предполагать, что темпы роста в следующем десятилетии будут выше, чем в прошлом.

Ускорение темпов экономического роста в США в конце 1990-х годов озадачивало тех из нас, кто наблюдал за происходящим по другую сторону Атлантического океана в Западной Европе: где была европейская "новая экономика"? Мы замечали ее в Скандинавских странах и некоторых других местах, но заметного влияния прогресса в компьютерных и коммуникационных технологиях на темпы роста производства и производительности в масштабах всей экономики не наблюдалось. Европа, казалось, все больше и больше отставала от США.

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