欧元的希腊悲剧

阿姆斯特丹——

当欧元于1999年问世之际,欧洲各国都认识到财政纪律对于这种货币的稳定至关重要。尽管这种统一货币已经造福于所有使用它的国家(尤其是在当前的经济危机中,欧元扮演起了锚的角色),但欧元区成员国未能切实遵守上述共识的情况,可能仍然具有令欧元演变为一场灾难的风险。

的确,有太多成员国在行事时,仿佛完全忘却了《稳定与增长协议》的存在。例如,按照欧洲货币事务专员华金·阿尔穆尼亚的说法,希腊的公共财政状况便是“整个欧元区的一大关切”。人们预计今年希腊的财政赤字将达到GDP的12.7%,这将远远超过《稳定与增长协议》所规定的GDP3%上限。

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