Dean Rohrer

欧元的最后倒数?

据称, 1999 年引入的欧元能够缩小货币联盟成员国之间的经济差距。失业率以及其他重要的宏观经济变量,如单位劳动成本、生产率、财政赤字及政府债务等都将趋于同化。按人均收入计算的财富差距最终也将一并消失。

然而,在共同货币引入后第一个 10 年间,欧元区大行其道的不是迅速同化,而是不断异化。欧元区各国关系将进一步紧张。

早在十年前,成员国之间就存在巨大差距。欧元成为了德国、荷兰等富国和希腊、葡萄牙等穷国的共同货币。与此同时,欧元也在芬兰和意大利流通,前者高居创新及市场灵活性第二位,而后者却在这两方面无所作为,当之无愧地获得了 欧洲病夫 的称号。

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