Euro v desátém roce života

PALO ALTO – Začátek roku 2009 se nadlouho zapíše do paměti kvůli děsivým ekonomickým zprávám a kontroverzním hospodářským politikám prakticky ve všech zemích. Připadá na něj také 10. výročí eura, společné měny, která v ekonomické a finanční oblasti úžeji stmeluje několik stamilionů Evropanů. Vyplatí se pozastavit se a připomenout si jednak tuto pozoruhodnou událost, jednak dopady, jež má existence eura na současnou globální krizi.

Euro bylo v lednu 1999 spuštěno na základě spletitého souboru ekonomických, finančních, politických a historických důvodů. Jednalo se o třešničku na dortu velkého plánu vybudovat užší hospodářské a politické vazby, jejž po druhé světové válce formovala řada lídrů motivovaných vzpomínkou na hrůzy světových válek, které se v předchozím půlstoletí v Evropě zrodily a Evropu pohltily.

Před deseti lety obestíraly spuštění eura vážné obavy. Vzdají se lidé svých starých národních měn a budou euro používat? Udrží si hodnotu vůči dolaru? (Euro začalo na 1,18 dolaru, pak se brzy propadlo na téměř 0,80 dolaru, ale později šlo nahoru, přičemž vrcholu dosáhlo v letech 2007 až 2008 na hodnotě bezmála 1,60 dolaru, než opět kleslo na asi 1,30 dolaru.)

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