Цитадель под названием Евро

БРЮССЕЛЬ. Евро празднует своё десятилетие на фоне самого сурового экономического климата с момента его рождения. Финансовая буря, ворвавшаяся из США, а также атака тяжёлого экономического спада, бросают Европе беспрецедентный вызов.

Оказываясь перед самым значительным испытанием в своей истории, евро всё ещё далёк от той катастрофы, которую предсказал нобелевский лауреат, экономист Милтон Фридман десять лет назад. Наоборот, Европейский экономический и валютный союз выдвигает евро как основной актив в эти смутные времена.

Скептикам следует помнить о том, что евро сам по себе был подкреплён кризисом. Это единственная валюта, которая воспринималась как ответ на сдвиги в послевоенном периоде – инфляцию, темпы роста которой выражались двузначными цифрами; высокий уровень безработицы и спекулятивные атаки на фунт, лиру и французский франк. Именно кризис европейской денежно-кредитной системы привёл в зарождению и выпуску евро в обращение 1 января 1999 года.

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