¿Una mala apuesta comercial de Europa?

PARIS – El inicio de negociaciones para un acuerdo de libre comercio entre la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos -que recibió el nombre oficial de Alianza Transatlántica de Comercio e Inversión (TTIP por su sigla en inglés)- marca un punto de inflexión fundamental para la UE y el comercio mundial. También consolida el alejamiento de ambas partes de la política de comercio multilateral en los últimos años. Puede que sea la decisión apropiada para Estados Unidos, pero podría implicar un problema serio para Europa.

En los últimos 50 años, la UE, que representa apenas el 7% de la población global, ha logrado mantener una posición comercial excepcionalmente fuerte, a pesar del ascenso de mercados emergentes como China. De modo que, si bien Estados Unidos y Japón vieron caer sus respectivas participaciones en las exportaciones globales, la cuota de la UE se mantuvo estable, en aproximadamente el 20%.

De hecho, el poder comercial de la UE contrasta marcadamente con la percepción de una Europa debilitada. Más importante aún, para lograrlo, Europa no hizo más que invertir fuertemente en un sistema comercial multilateral a través del GATT y luego de la Organización Mundial de Comercio.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/HQJU7z2/es;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.