Евросоюз должен начать переговоры с Турцией

17 декабря прошлого года Европейский Совет принял решение начать переговоры о вступлении Турции в Евросоюз в октябре этого года. Правительству Турции было выдвинуто два условия: проведение обширной правовой реформы, нацеленной на усиление действия правовых норм и обеспечение прав человека, и принятие адаптационного протокола к заключенному в Анкаре договору, который расширяет таможенный союз с Евросоюзом на все новые страны-участницы, включая Республику Кипр. Турция выполнила эти условия: правовая реформа вступила в силу 1 июня, а протокол был подписан 29 июля.

Официального признания Турцией Республики Кипр, включая ее расширение на северную часть острова, не выдвигалось в качестве предварительного условия для начала переговоров о вступлении. Этот сложный вопрос имеет отношение к усилиям, прилагаемым Генеральным секретарем ООН Кофи Аннаном с целью начала переговоров о всеобъемлющем урегулировании, которое приведет к воссоединению острова.

В прошлом году обе общины, турок и турок-киприотов, приняли предложения Генерального секретаря, однако эти предложения были отвергнуты греками-киприотами. Существуют все основания полагать, что Аннан снова возобновит свои посреднические действия, и вопрос будет положительно решен задолго до того, как Турция вступит в Евросоюз где-то в 2015 году. По этой причине кипрский вопрос не стал рассматриваться в качестве препятствия для переговоров.

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