ЕС недостаточно активен в Афганистане

Исключение британца Пэдди Эшдауна из числа кандидатов на должность посланника ООН в Афганистане означает, что международному сообществу нужно еще предпринять определенные усилия, пока оно не сможет говорить одним голосом в этой, погружённой во мрак стране. Такой объединённый голос действительно необходим, т.к. шесть лет войны и крупнейшая военная операция в истории НАТО не смогли подавить афганских мятежников, оставив все более коррумпированное правительство президента Хамида Карзая в зависимости от постоянного присутствия международных сил.

Афганистан по-прежнему является пятой по бедности страной в мире и крупнейшим производителем опиума, центральная власть слаба и ещё больше ослабляется из-за воинственности населения и мятежников движения Талибан. Существует множество причин возникновения данной ситуации, но, по меньшей мере, хотя бы некоторая часть вины лежит и на Европейском Союзе.

На бумаге усилия ЕС выглядят внушительно. Двадцать пять стран ЕС направили свои войска в Афганистан в составе 35 000-тысячного контингента НАТО, и сейчас они составляют более половины всех находящихся там войск. Страны ЕС командуют третью всех Провинциальных групп по реконструкции (ПГР) и совместно с Еврокомиссией оплатили треть расходов на реконструкцию страны после 2001 года.

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