Konec začátku ukončování chudoby

Pokud na setkání skupiny G8 ve Skotsku seděl za stolem americký prezident Bush, měli „mediální mágové“, kteří všechny jeho činy lakují vítězným lakem, jen málo práce se snižováním očekávání týkajících se výsledků schůzky. Jakákoliv dohoda by byla velkým úspěchem. Odepsání multilaterálního dluhu nejchudších zemí světa – díky britskému vedení – je nicméně obzvláště vítané.

Dohoda skupiny G8 o odpuštění dluhů je významnou událostí, ale neměli bychom se nechat zmást zdánlivou šlechetností tohoto gesta: velká část dluhů by tak jako tak nebyla splacena. Odpuštění by mělo být rozsáhlejší – zahrnovat více zemí a více dluhů (včetně dluhů bilaterálních). Zároveň by však odepsání dluhů mělo být pokládáno za pouhý začátek. Jak zdůraznila sama Británie, rozvojové země potřebují větší pomoc a spravedlivější režim mezinárodního obchodu.

Mezinárodní měnový fond se – možná nikoliv překvapivě – pokusil zchladit mezinárodní nadšení pro štědrost. Varoval, že podle nových studií nevede pomoc obecně k rychlejšímu růstu.

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