Южная Африка: конец медового месяца

Медовый месяц для Южной Африки и международного сообщества окончен. Внутренние проблемы и региональная нестабильность означают, что внешняя политика становится все более ухабистой дорогой для правительства президента Табо Мбеки, сформированного партией «Африканский национальный конгресс» (ANC).

О внутренних проблемах ЮАР, главным образом о всплеске эпидемии СПИД, много говорилось и писалось с тех пор, как ANC пришел к власти более десяти лет назад, но позиция страны как участника в рамках международного сообщества была менее очевидна. Как внутри страны, так и за рубежом возлагались большие надежды на то, что ЮАР может и будет играть более значительную роль в международных делах, извлекая выгоду из необычного и неожиданного конституционного соглашения, заключенного между Нельсоном Манделой и Ф.В. де Клерком в 1994 году.

Сначала внешняя политика, основанная на блистательной международной репутации Нельсона Манделы, дала стране возможность представлять себя перед другими образцовым членом мирового сообщества. Правительство стремилось играть конструктивную роль по всей Африке, выступало как выразитель интересов третьего мира в ООН и содействовало окончанию многочисленных конфликтов, терзавших континент.

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