Barrie Maguire

中国顺差的终结

坎布里奇——

中国的经常项目顺差——即贸易顺差加上对外投资净收益——是世界上最大的。其中贸易顺差为1 900亿美元,再加上近3万亿美元外币资产的投资收益,中国外部顺差可达3 160亿美元,相当于年GDP的6.1%。

由于经常项目顺差都是外币,因此中国只能把这笔钱用于对外投资,其中主要是购买美国和欧洲国家发行的国债。结果,这些国家的利率被压低了。

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