Конец (экономической) истории?

ПАРИЖ – Некоторые научные труды, по некоторым не совсем ясным причинам, оставляют устойчивый отпечаток в интеллектуальной истории. Подобная судьба была уготована работе Джона Мейнарда Кейнса «Экономические возможности для наших внуков».

Важность работы Кейнса заключается не столько в том, как он отвечал на поставленные вопросы, а в природе самих этих вопросов. Может ли функционирование капиталистической системы как таковой устранить проблему нехватки и, следовательно, необходимость в самом капитализме? На что может быть похоже жизнь людей в такую эпоху?

Кейнс начал исследовать эти вопросы с вычисления сложных процентов и их впечатляющего результата в применении к продолжительным промежуткам времени. При условии 2% роста любая цифра, включая ВВП, увеличится в 7,5 раз по истечении века. Можно ли при подобном росте устранить проблему нехватки, которая лежит в основе всех экономик мира?

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