Konec (ekonomických) dějin?

PAŘÍŽ – Z důvodů, jež jsou přinejmenším zčásti nejasné, některé akademické spisy zanechají v duchovních dějinách trvalou stopu. Právě to je případ pojednání „Ekonomické možnosti pro naše vnoučata“ od Johna Maynarda Keynese.

Význam Keynesova příspěvku nespočíval ani tak v tom, jak odpovídal na otázky, jež vznesl, ale v podstatě otázek samotných. Mohlo by fungování kapitalistického systému přinést konec problému vzácnosti – a tedy kapitalismu samého? Jak by mohly životy lidí v takové éře dle soudného očekávání vypadat?

Keynes začal tyto otázky promýšlet propočtem složeného úroku a jeho působivého výsledku, když se aplikuje na dlouhá časová období. Při 2% míře růstu se jakékoli číslo, včetně DPH, během sta let zvýší 7,5násobně. Vyřešil by tedy takový nárůst problém vzácnosti, na němž veškerá ekonomika staví?

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