Flood water in Sylhet City Md. Akhlas Uddin/ZumaPress

Zajistit udržitelnou budoucnost

LONDÝN – Když Karl Marx a Friedrich Engels napsali, že „vše pevné se rozplývá a mizí ve vzduchu,“ mínili to jako metaforu rozvratných změn, jež průmyslová revoluce vnášela do zavedených společenských norem. Dnes lze jejich výrok vzít doslova: emise oxidu uhličitého a další průmyslové škodliviny vypouštěné do atmosféry mění planetu – s obrovskými důsledky pro životní prostředí, zdraví, přesuny populací a sociální spravedlnost. Svět je na křižovatce a značná část pokroku, jehož jsme v těchto oblastech dosáhli, může zmizet jako pára nad hrncem.

Nelson Mandela k podchycení těchto rizik založil v roce 2007 The Elders (Stařešinové), nezávislou skupinu bývalých lídrů, kterou pověřil úkolem „říkat moci pravdu“. Právě to učiníme tento měsíc při vyhlášení nových Cílů udržitelného rozvoje (CUR) na Valném shromáždění Organizace spojených národů.

CUR nahradí Rozvojové cíle tisíciletí (RCT), jimiž se mezinárodní rozvojové snahy řídily v letech 2000-2015. RCT pomohly milionům lidí uniknout negramotnosti, nemocem a hladovění a dostaly rozvoj do jádra globální politické agendy. Jejich celkový účinek byl však často nedostatečný, zejména v křehkých, konflikty sužovaných státech – a nepodařilo se jim mezi své mety zahrnout udržitelnost.

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