埃及的残局

普林斯顿——

埃及悠久的历史能帮助我们理解目前正发生在开罗被标榜为革命的这场起义,并帮助我们预测这场起义会导致什么样的结局吗?我想答案应该是肯定的。毕竟,千百万人参加游行示威,要求结束胡斯尼•穆巴拉克总统和国家民主党(NDP)的统治在这个国家并不是一个前所未有的现象。

在埃及的历史上强大而著名的统治者不胜枚举。从法老时代的拉美西斯二世开始,有萨拉丁、穆罕默德•阿里、拿破仑•波拿巴、克罗默伯爵等等,一直到加麦尔•阿卜杜勒•纳赛尔、安瓦尔•萨达特和穆巴拉克这三个埃及军事强人的出现。这表明,埃及人虽然不一定喜欢强人统治,但他们完全是在享受这种统治,甚至可能会认为这种制度完全必要。

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