阿富汗和平经济学

发自喀布尔——自杀式炸弹,高官遇刺,对首都喀布尔附近恰里卡尔等地的大肆进攻,以及持续袭击导致的平民死伤大增都令美国与北约盟军的撤军行动蒙上了阴影。这些暴力行动是如此猖獗,以致塔利班研究专家艾哈迈德·拉什德都觉得只有通过与武装分子谈判加速和平进程才能找到出路。

但一个和平的阿富汗在经济学上究竟是何种状态必须成为任何谈判的一个关键部分。但这种和平经济具体要由哪些元素构成,又为何如此重要呢?

尽管北约陈兵数万,但为塔利班及其他武装组织提供财源的阿富汗庞大地下经济却依旧兴旺发达,因此我们要实现的一个主要目标就是这类经济的转型。而将这些武装人员整合到一个生产性经济中则需要转变一系列政策,包括迅速重启农村发展计划并鼓励当地小企业,公共服务以及其他合法经营行为的发展。

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