Les impératifs économiques du Printemps arabe

WASHINGTON, DC/ISTANBUL – Près d’une année s’est écoulée depuis que la révolution tunisienne et les manifestations de la place Tahrir au Caire ont renversé des régimes autoritaires sclérosés, et déclenché des tempêtes encore plus violentes – qui font toujours rage – dans le reste du monde arabe. Personne ne saurait prévoir avec certitude où ces événements entraîneront finalement les peuples et les nations arabes. Une chose ne fait cependant aucun doute : il n’est plus question de faire marche arrière. De nouvelles structures et mouvements sociaux et politiques sont en train d’émerger, le pouvoir se déplace, et l’espoir existe de voir les processus démocratiques se renforcer et se répandre dans le monde arabe en 2012.

Les événements du monde arabe en 2011 rappellent d’autres transitions de grande ampleur, comme celle qu’a connue l’Europe de l’Est après la chute du mur de Berlin en 1989. Un certain nombre de différences se font bien évidemment sentir, mais la nature radicale et contagieuse des bouleversements observés est fortement similaire à celle des révolutions qui mirent fin au communisme en Europe. Il en va de même s’agissant du débat sur la contribution relative des facteurs économiques et politiques à l’explosion finale de manifestations populaires.

Bien que la soif de dignité, de liberté d’expression, et de participation démocratique réelle ait constitué la force motrice des révolutions arabes, les mécontentements économiques ont joué un rôle primordial ; et la dimension économique contribuera à être déterminante dans la manière dont se déroule la transition dans le monde arabe. Il convient ici de garder à l’esprit trois objectifs fondamentaux à long terme.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.