Экономические выгоды борьбы с болезнями

Сан-Франциско – Многочисленные регионы мира не пользуются результатами значительного мирового прогресса в здравоохранении, произошедшего в прошлом веке. Миллионов смертей в бедных странах можно избежать благодаря предупредительным и лечебным возможностям, которые уже используют богатые страны.

В этом году десять миллионов детей умрут в странах с низким и средним доходом. Если бы уровень детской смертности был бы таким же, как в развитых странах, данный показатель был бы ниже одного миллиона. А если бы уровень детской смертности был бы таким же, как в богатых странах всего 100 лет тому назад, показатель был бы 30 миллионов.

Ключевая разница между тем, что есть сейчас и тем, что было раньше, заключается не в уровне доходов, а в технических знаниях о причинах болезни, а также о возможности вмешательства для предотвращения болезни или, по крайней мере, самых пагубных симптомов. Современные средства улучшения здоровья настолько эффективны и недороги, что условия здравоохранения могли бы быть вполне хорошими даже в бедных странах, если бы политики выделили пусть даже относительно немного средств на необходимые области.

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