Провалы в войне против наркотиков

Если нам повезет, то наши внуки будут вспоминать глобальную войну с наркотиками конца 20-го и начала 21 веков как некую причудливую манию, жертвой которой могли стать только минувшие поколения.

Война с наркотиками сегодня ставит гораздо более серьезные проблемы, чем сто лет назад. Не то, чтобы потребление наркотиков фантастически возросло - в конце концов, огромные количества алкоголя, опиума и других наркотиков потреблялись и тогда. Настоящая проблема заключается в том, что сегодняшняя политика в области контроля над наркотиками дает больше плохих результатов, чем хороших; в самом деле, она в целом, наверное, приносит больше вреда, чем само злоупотребление наркотиками.

Подобно «сухому закону», существовавшему в США в 1920-е и начале 1930-х годов, глобальный запрет на наркотики не снизил злоупотребления ими, а наоборот, породил сильный рост преступности, насилия, коррупции и болезней. В 1998 году США оценили общую величину оборота от незаконной торговли наркотиками в 400 миллиардов долларов, или 7% от всей мировой торговли. Критики говорят, что эта цифра составляет лишь половину того, что есть на самом деле - но и эта сумма впечатляет.

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