Мечты о космосе

Более 50 лет назад такие мечтатели, как британский писатель-фантаст Артур Кларк и немецкий (и американский) инженер ракетной техники Вернер фон Браун заложили основу для первых шагов для путешествия в космос. Кларк представил свою концепцию в 1951 году в книге Исследование космоса, а предложения фон Брауна появились в серии статей в журнале Collier, опубликованных с 1952 по 1954 годы.

Несколько лет спустя (а именно, 50 лет назад на этой неделе) Советский Союз запустил первый спутник на орбиту Земли, начав космическую эру. Через 50 лет многие элементы первоначальной концепции оказались достигнуты, некоторые оказались ошибочными, к тому же, было несколько сюрпризов.

Кларк и фон Браун столкнулись со стеной скептицизма, когда впервые появились их предложения. Люди воспринимали путешествия в космос как научную фантастику, как форму популярного развлечения, у которой было мало шансов на осуществление.

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