Snění o vesmíru

Před více než 50 lety nastínili vizionáři, jakými byli britský spisovatel science fiction Arthur C. Clarke nebo německý (a americký) raketový fyzik Wernher von Braun, řadu kroků vedoucích k cestě do vesmíru. Clark svou vizi představil v roce 1951 v knize Výzkum vesmíru , zatímco von Braunovy návrhy se objevily v sérii článků pro časopis Collier’s , které vycházely v letech 1952 až 1954.

O několik let později – tento týden uplynulo od té doby přesně 50 let – vypustil Sovětský svaz do vesmíru první družici Země, čímž zahájil kosmický věk. Po 50 letech se podařilo uskutečnit mnoho aspektů původní vize, některé jiné se nezdařily a také se vyskytlo nemálo překvapení.

Clarke a von Braun narazili na zeď skepticismu, když se jejich návrhy poprvé objevily na veřejnosti. Ta pokládala cesty do vesmíru za pouhé sci-fi, za formu lidové zábavy, o níž se předpokládalo, že má jen malé naděje na realizaci.

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