美元和中国

剑桥——
几年来,美国官方一直敦促中国重新估值人民币。他们抱怨说,被低估的人民币体现了一种不公平竞争,造成美国就业岗位的减少,并且导致了美国的贸易赤字。那么,美国官方该如何应对?

就在最近G20多伦多峰会举行的前夕,中国宣布了一项让人民币略微升值的方案,但是一些美国国会议员仍然心存质疑,并且威胁对中国商品增加关税。

美国从中国进口商品,付给中国美元;中国持有美元,积累了25亿美元的外汇储备,其中大部分是美国国债。在某些观察家看来,这代表了全球实力天平的一种根本性转变,因为中国可以通过威胁卖掉其持有的美元而挫败美国。

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