Разъединяющееся Королевство?

Через триста лет после того, как в 1707 году первый шотландский парламент добровольно проголосовал за своё упразднение, Шотландская национальная партия завоевала большинство в автономном шотландском парламенте, являющемся одним из величайших наследий Тони Блера. Является ли парламент, возглавляемый ШНП, предвестником разъединения Соединённого Королевства? Можно поставить вопрос и более широко: сможет ли национализм, этот продукт политики XIX века, сыграть ещё какую-то роль в Европе?

Ответ на первый вопрос почти наверняка будет отрицательным. По результатам опроса, националисты набрали лишь 31,9% голосов, в то время как партии, поддерживающие союз, получили 59,6%. Это доказывает, что пропорциональное представительство может привести к странным результатам.

Тогда, в 1957 году, мотивацией «заложить фундамент как можно более тесного союза народов Европы» заключалась в том, чтобы уничтожить возможные причины войны между европейскими нациями и в итоге добиться тем самым внутренней стабильности во всех европейских государствах. В течение 50 лет Европейский Союз не подвергался серьёзным испытаниям с этой стороны, т.к. националистические импульсы были неспособны развиться в условиях существования двух альянсов, участвовавших в «холодной войне». После того, как эти сдерживающие факторы исчезли, у национализма обоих типов – бисмаркского объединяющего и этнического разъединяющего – открылось второе дыхание.

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