La guerra digital contra la pobreza

NUEVA YORK – La brecha digital está empezando a cerrarse. El flujo de información digital –a través de teléfonos celulares, mensajes de texto e Internet- hoy está llegando a las masas del mundo, incluso en los países más pobres, trayendo consigo una revolución en la economía, la política y la sociedad.

La extrema pobreza es casi sinónimo de extremo aislamiento, especialmente aislamiento rural. Pero los teléfonos celulares y la Internet inalámbrica ponen fin al aislamiento y, por lo tanto, terminarán siendo la tecnología más transformadora del desarrollo económico de nuestro tiempo.

La brecha digital se está terminando, y no a través de un brote de responsabilidad cívica, sino principalmente mediante las fuerzas del mercado. La tecnología de telefonía celular es tan poderosa, y cuesta tan poco por unidad de transmisión de datos, que hoy resulta posible venderles a los pobres acceso a los teléfonos móviles. En la actualidad existen más de 3.300 millones de suscriptores en el mundo, aproximadamente una de cada dos personas en el planeta.

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