Diabetes-Überwachung

WELLINGTON – Die Welt wird derzeit von einer Diabetes-Epidemie heimgesucht. Aus einer vor kurzem von Majid Ezzati und Kollegen vom Imperial College London und der Harvard University veröffentlichten Großstudie geht hervor, dass sich die Zahl der Erwachsenen mit Typ-2-Diabetes von 153 Millionen im Jahr 1980 auf 347 Millionen im Jahr 2008 erhöht hat. Heute könnten es 370 Millionen sein.

Betroffen sind sämtliche Regionen der Welt, wenngleich sich die Epidemie in Ozeanien am stärksten ausbreitet und in Ostasien am wenigsten. Weltweit steigen die Fälle von Typ-2-Diabetes parallel zu der zunehmenden Fettleibigkeit an.

Das ist auch kein Wunder – mehr Körperfett und weniger körperliche Bewegung sind die direkten Ursachen von Typ-2-Diabetes (im Gegensatz zu Typ-1-Diabetes). Tatsächlich wird ein Großteil der gesundheitlichen Auswirkungen von Fettleibigkeit und Bewegungsmangel über Diabetes vermittelt.

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